عنوان مقاله [English]
Bustan is the whole body of the ethical, humane, and idealistic society of Saadi, in which he describes human social behaviors. By providing practical strategies for improvement of human behaviors and relationships, he addresses many problems and mental and emotional conflicts of the people of the society at that time and even the present time. He has taken the advantage of the effective tool of anecdote and used the characters as the most important factors in forming the anecdotes in order to deliver his ethical and humane messages. The goal of psychology is also recognition of the aspects of human character as well as presentation of strategies for his more growth and self-awareness. In this study, we have criticized the behaviors of the characters of Bustan’s anecdotes in a descriptive, analytical, and quantitative way according to Jung’s theory of personality psychology. We have first identified the compatible and investigable anecdotes based on Jung’s view on personality psychology; then, the components of personality psychology of the main characters in those anecdotes have been analyzed, investigated, and assessed in chapters, respectively; and the results are shown in the form of table and graph. According to the investigations, among the nineteen investigable anecdotes based on Jung’s view on the personality psychology, the components of introverted personality type with eight anecdotes and about 42% were more frequent than other views of Jung.